An adult person has about 100,000 to 150,000 hair follicles on his scalp. Hair loss between 100 and 200 wires per day is normal. If more hair is fallen out, a person has hair loss. Hair loss is a frequent disorder in both men and women due to hormones, genetic and aging. Hair loss reduces the quality of a person’s life and creates negative psychological effects. Thanks to the development of methods used in hair transplantation recently, satisfactory results are obtained and the natural appearance of the person can be preserved. The most important way to gain natural and permanent hair to people who suffer hair loss is hair transplantation.
Hair transplantation is a successful surgical method applied to re-hair the bald areas. It has been used for approximately 20 years in worldwide.
HAIR TRANSPLANT METHODS
The most preferred method among hair transplant processes is the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique in worldwide. It starts with hair cutting. After the local anesthesia is applied to the donor area, the hair follicles that are slackened by a micro motor, are removed by a forceps. Hair follicles that are taken are kept in liquids called cold isotonic or Hyposol. Thee hair follicles are kept alive for an average of 6 hours outside the body. When the hair follicles are collected, the desired area for implantation is numbed with local anesthesia. With the sapphire tips, the channels where the hair follicles will be placed are opened and the follicles are transferred to their new places. After the planting process is completed, the operated area is closed by dressing. FUE is a technique that takes an average of 6-8 hours and allows maximum hair root transplantation. The patient does not feel any pain as he/she is under the effect of local anesthesia during the operation.
Since DHI hair transplantation technique does not require a haircut, it is the first choice of women among other procedures. DHI hair transplantation is an application where quality hair follicles that are selected from the donor region are placed in the transplantation area with the help of special pens. A medical device that resembles a pencil helps to lay grafts in the DHI method. It can do grooving and root placement operations at the same time thus, it enables roots to be planted in a shorter time. The DHI procedure, performed under local anesthesia, begins with the collection of the hair follicles individually by loosening them with the help of a special device. After collecting, grafts are separated from the piece of tissue that is stick to them. Then, they are transplanted to the area with the help of a special medical pen. Factors such as the color, stiffness, shape and thickness of the hair affect the outcome of the treatment merely. After hair and scalp analysis, which method to choose should be decided by considering the priorities of the person.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
There may be single or several reasons causing the hair loss. They are listed below:
- Hormonal based
- Nutritional based
- Chemical based
- As a side effect of a medicine
- Various disease on scalp
Hair loss occurs in men and women because of different reasons. Genetic reasons and the excess amount of DHT in the body are the general reasons that result in the need of hair transplant. Hair loss caused by these reasons is classified as “male-pattern hair loss” (Androgenetic Alopecia). When DHT that presents in male, is secreted too much, it prevents hair follicles to get nutrition. These hair follicles weaken in time and lose their abilities to produce new hair strand. Therefore, this situation results in hair loss.
Male-pattern hair loss (Androgenetic Alopecia):
According to researches, people who have male pattern hair loss indicated that their hair is weakened and thinned out before falling out. This type of hair loss begins with partial hair loss on the top of the head and progress in time. Male pattern hair loss is a condition beyond the normal hair growth cycle. Male pattern hair loss is the most common type of hair loss among man that affects 25% of men up to 25 years old, 40% up to 40 years old, and 50% up to 50 years old. Male pattern hair loss is often hereditary and a real concern for many men. If the hair loss is hereditary, there is a little chance of preserving the hair.
The first condition of a successful treatment is to find the reason behind the hair loss and make a correct diagnosis afterwards. After the diagnosis, the treatment get started. During this time, the person should stay away from chemicals and hair care products that can damage the scalp. They should use a protein-based diet.
Most doctors recommend medication to prevent hair loss. It safe to use FDA approved drugs under a doctor’s care, against hair loss.
Hair Mesotherapy is the process of injecting the vitamins, minerals, keratolytic agents, amino acids and surface expanders that are needed by the hair into the middle layer (mesoderm) of skin with micro needles. Irritation can occur due to the drugs and needles applied. This causes blood to accumulate and filling up with medicine. After the expulsion of the accumulated blood into the blood stream, drugs spread into the scalp. Thus, the hair strands are fed and get energy. If hair mesotherapy is done as recommended by your doctor, small blood vessels start to form and provide continuous supply of nutrition to hair follicles. In other words, hair mesotherapy gives hair follicles what they need while increasing the amount of blood vessels in the area. This procedure causes no pain and can be applied to both women and men.
PRP is one of the most powerful methods against hair loss. It is the process of separating the plasma of the patient’s blood by centrifugation and returning it back to the body by injection. The plasma obtained is rich in cells called “platelets”. Platelets whose main task is to help blood clotting, also have an important role in repairing and strengthening the hair follicles thanks to the growth factors they contain.
Hair transplant is a very popular treatment nowadays. With the treatment process at the hair transplantation center, you can have new hair with hair follicles that you have injected into places where baldness or hair loss occurs.
Hair transplantation is the transfer of the hair follicles taken from the area of the scalp that is resistant to hair loss, near the nape of the neck, to the area where the hair fell out. The hair follicles taken are called grafts. In men, hair follicles in the nape are more resistant to shedding because they are insensitive to the hormone DHT. In hair transplantation, the transplantation of the hair follicles containing 1-4 hair cells should be done by an experienced team under the leadership of a doctor. The application lasts from a few hours to 6-8 hours depending on the amount of hair loss. If the balding area is too large, a few sessions may be required to complete the treatment. Generally, the treatment is performed under local anesthesia with sedation. After hair transplantation, a special bandage is applied to the head and the person is discharged after 1-2 hours. Generally, after 3 days of home rest, patient can go back to work in one condition: covering their head.
Today, almost 50 percent of men aging over 50 face hair loss problems. Although hair transplantation is the most applied cosmetic surgery method for men, hair loss is not a male specific problem. Many women may also experience hair loss or thinning. Hair transplant is not only used for scalp. It can be successfully applied to other areas suffering hair loss such as eyebrows, mustache or beard.
Hair transplantation is a medical procedure and in order to minimize the risks, it should be done by an experienced team led by a competent doctor in a hospital setting. In order for hair transplantation to be successful, the transplanted hair follicles need to be rapidly blooded and fed in the region where they are placed. If a correct technique is applied, the success rate of hair transplantation is quite high. For a natural look, it is important to plant the hair at the right angle and at the right density.
After the hair transplantation and dressing, the person who has a hair transplant is seen off until the next day.
24 hours after planting:
On the first day of the process that begins after hair transplantation, the day after the surgery, in the clinic washing and dressing is done for small crusts that occur in the area where hair follicles are taken from and in the area where hair is transplanted.
First 15-20 Days:
The day after hair transplantation is a section with a slightly more practical stage. There is a 15-20 day process waiting for the person who has a hair transplant. During the process we call the “next day”, the areas where the hair is transplanted and the hair root is taken are checked and washed carefully. Washing techniques and methods are explained to the person and the person is asked to wash his head for 15 days using this technique. By performing the washing process for 15 days, shedding of the shells formed in the head region is provided.
After the 15th Day
After the shedding stage of the shells, the process of numbness of the tissues and the stage of the hair stem cells’ indexing come. There are three possible situations during this stage. In the process starting as of the 15th day, all of your hair may fall out, a few wires may be shed or no hair may fall out in the period of up to 2 months. You don’t have to worry about these situations. It is already expected to happen after hair transplantation. The shed hair will grow again after 3-4 months. However, the original hair of the person in the transplanted area may continue to fall out over time and new hair transplantation may be planned in the following periods depending on the decrease in hair density. In order to achieve a successful result after transplantation, it is important to follow the recommendations regarding hair care and the nutritional needs of the hair plus the special diet program given after the hair transplantation. People should not forget that in the process after hair transplantation, they should avoid impacts, sun rays, extreme heat and cold, and they should pay attention to their nutrition.
After performing your hair transplantation, the time for you to get the results varies between 6 to 12 months. In the first week of hair transplant, you should definitely follow the recommendations given by our specialist.
During the first week, traces of red dots would appear at the planting place. This situation should not upset you. Because it is a process that takes a short time and its effects pass easily.
First 3 Months:
After hair transplantation, not much is noticed as a result of the first 3 months. After 3 months, it is seen that the hair follicles grow in the bald region, even though it is slow. Although this situation changes according to the hair root that is transplanted, the amount of growth is not at a sufficient level.
After 6 Months;
The disappearance of the hair transplantation treatment’s signs starts after 6th month. Although it may vary depending on personal and environmental factors, the hair usually gets the desired natural look at the 7th or 8th month, but in some people this period may last to 12th month. It can be extended up to the month. If the recommendations given by our hair transplant specialists are followed, it is pleasant to have the person’s natural hair after 12 months. Staying away from sunlight and blows among with washing the hair within the specified days in a way that does not spoil the hair transplant, applying PRP and hair mesotherapy to the hair follicles that will come out after the 1st and 3rd months would provide very high rate of success.
As in every medical procedure, when hair transplantation is not done under suitable conditions, it may carry some risks concerning our health. Hair transplantation is a long-lasting practice and depending on the degree of hair loss, replanting may be required in a few years. Though it is very rare, complications such as not getting the desired result after planting, infection and prominent scar can be seen. After hair transplantation, pain, discomfort, some bruising and swellings can be taken care of with painkillers. Short term numbness may occur within a few months in areas where hair is removed and transplanted. In order to keep these risks concerning our health in minimum, we should not forget to have this application done by experienced teams under the guidance of a competent doctor in hospital conditions.
It is extremely important that hair transplantation techniques that are applied in hair loss be performed in a hospital environment enabling effective and safe application, with an experienced doctor and team that would perform the hair transplant operation with an accurate and up-to-date technique.
REMEMBER! A striking appearance requires health more than anything.